It is difficult enough for young children to be faced with a significant speech impairment like stuttering. As discussed in this blog, the effects of stuttering are often co-morbid with other learning issues. Most children who develop a stutter in their pre-school years fortunately outgrow it. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders states that some 3 million Americans stutter. Stuttering usually develops between the ages of 2 and 6 while language skills are rapidly developing and a child’s linguistic, motor, and emotional capacities are lagging (the so-called Demands and Capacity Model). As a result, approximately 5 to 10% of children will stutter at some point in their lives. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association reports reports of remission rates vary from 6.3% all the way up to 80%. (The large disparity may reflect the manner in which data was collected.) Boys are affected 2 to 3 times as frequently as girls. Some data that suggest that African American children may stutter more frequently than whites. For those persons whose fluency does not resolve, stuttering can interfere with school, employment, and social milieus and lead to frustration, embarrassment, or anxiety. The worst cases can result in the creation of self-doubt and bullying. People who stutter know what they want to say. They simply can’t always get past the repetition of sounds or syllables or blocks associated with the disorder. Thus, diagnosis and treatment are imperative.